“Boxing is building protective factors in young women’s lives, and linking them with opportunities to progress in sports and education, and develop as young leaders.”
Jamaican Boxing Association
A case study from the Gloves Over Guns project; an initiative from the Jamaican Boxing Association
Guns fuel the escalating homicide rate in Jamaica, but some communities are more severely affected by gun violence than others. In 2013, 90% of homicide victims and perpetrators were poor, young, men and boys living in underserved inner-city communities. Young women and girls from those same communities are disproportionately more likely to be victims of other kinds of violent crime, including rape, domestic violence, and child abuse.
The sport of Boxing is a proven platform for engaging young people at risk of being victims or perpetrators of violence, and supporting their personal development. Gloves Over Guns is an initiative that was created by the Jamaican Boxing Association (JBA) as a response to rising gun violence involving young people.
While the programme is open to everyone, young women have particularly excelled. Jamaica has even gained their first female junior Caribbean champion through this initiative. Let’s now see how this initiative has changed the lives of many young people and especially women and girls in Jamaica.
A grassroot initiative supported by multi-sector stakeholders
Gloves Over Guns grew out of the Jamaican Boxing Association’s long standing partnership with two main stakeholders:
1. Fight for Peace; a global youth development NGO that combines boxing and martial arts with education and personal development to realise the potential of young people in communities affected by crime, violence and social exclusion. Fight for Peace has partnered with the International Olympic Committee, among others, to extend its reach at a global scale.
2. The Jamaica Alliance; a multi-sector collective impact stakeholder network co-delivering the Unity and Peace programme in six inner city communities in Kingston with the backbone support of Fight for Peace. The Alliance partners include Community Based Organisations, NGOs, Government, Ministries and Departments, international funders, and other combat sport national governing bodies.
Gloves Over Guns would not be possible without the input of multiple network partners working together, contributing to the programme according to their strengths and resources. Being part of the network has given the Jamaican Boxing Association the knowledge and experience required to take the Unity and Peace model elsewhere in Jamaica through Gloves Over Guns.
How Gloves Over Guns changes the lives of young women and girls
Young women and girls in communities affected by violence in Jamaica suffer disproportionately from the impacts of that violence. Girls under the age of 16 are the victims of 32% of all sexual offences committed in Jamaica. Young women and girls are more likely than their male peers and siblings to experience physical abuse by one or more of their parents, and become victims of intimate partner violence later in life.
A baseline evaluation of the programme in the communities where Boxing programmes take place found that young women and girls feel vulnerable to sexual harassment and assault simply when walking around their own neighborhood – from their home to the boxing gym, for example.
In this context Boxing is building protective factors in young women’s lives, and linking them with opportunities to progress in sports and education, and develop as young leaders, through Gloves Over Guns. Beyond sporting success, Boxing combined with personal development has boosted young women’s self-esteem and confidence, and helped them to deal with the trauma and anxiety that comes will growing up surrounded by violence.
To date Gloves Over Guns has reached 823 young people, 42% of them young women and girls – a high participation rate compared to most countries which may well be due to the personal and sporting success of Jamaica’s first female junior Caribbean champion, 17-year-old Kerrone Thomas.
Just the beginning…
A very encouraging sign to indicate that Gloves Over Guns is on the right path is the buy in of other credible entities islandwide. Now the ultimate goal is to have the programme permeate every community throughout the country.
Having launched the programme in Jamaica’s second biggest city; Montego Bay, has captured the attention of the chamber of Commerce which has come on board and through their efforts, funding was raised to open a second National gym which will act as the hub for Gloves Over Guns where all the community members in that city can converge.
In addition, the Jamaican Boxing Association has been included in the HOPE Programme partnership with Gloves Over Guns; a very new initiative being supported by the Government as well as private sector and nongovernment development partners. Initially a ‘trade skills training’, the HOPE Programme now includes sports as a model a partnership with Gloves Over Guns provides that avenue.
Lessons learned that could be translated elsewhere
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